VATupdate

ECJ C-269/20 (Finanzamt T) – Questions – VAT group a separate “entity”? Free of charge (public) activities by VAT group

Date plus intro


Article in the EU VAT Directive

Article 4(4), 4(5), 6(2) of Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC

Article 11 of the EU VAT Directive 2006/112/EC (Taxable person, VAT grouping)

Article 11
After consulting the advisory committee on value added tax (hereafter, the “VAT Committee”), each Member State may regard as a single taxable person any persons established in the territory of that Member State who, while legally independent, are closely bound to one another by financial, economic and organisational links. A Member State exercising the option provided for in the first paragraph, may adopt any measures needed to prevent tax evasion or avoidance through the use of this provision.


Facts

Facts:

The applicant is, on the one hand, a taxable person for the provision of medical care to patients and, on the other hand, not a taxable person for the training of students. The applicant is also an umbrella organization of U-GmbH that carries out cleaning work. These activities took place in both the faculty rooms intended for patient care and in rooms used for the training of students. The defendant (the tax authorities) assumed that the applicant’s companies formed one company. The defendant calculated VAT on the basis of the part of the cleaned areas falling under the government task, which was € 814.12 higher. The objection to this was rejected. The tax court at first instance upheld the appeal because there is a fiscal unity leading to the merger of the applicant as an umbrella body and U-GmbH as a corporate entity into one company. This fiscal unity also includes the applicant’s government tasks. The conditions for internal use free of charge as referred to in §3 (9a) point 2 UstG (law on turnover tax) have not been fulfilled. The defendant has appealed against this decision to the referring court.

Consideration:

The answer to the first question is very important for tax revenues in Germany, as the tax paid by the umbrella bodies in their entirety accounts for 10% of the total tax revenues from sales tax in Germany. The question also arises whether the case-law of the Court (C-515/07) relates only to the extent of the deduction of input tax, or whether it also applies in the context of an autonomous application of the Article 6 (2) b) of the Sixth Directive.

Source Minbuza.nl


Questions

Is the authorisation granted to Member States in the second subparagraph of Article 4(4) of Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC of 17 May 1977 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to turnover taxes 1 to treat as a single taxable person persons established in their territory who, while legally independent, are closely bound to one another by financial, economic and organisational links to be exercised in such a way that:

a)    treatment as a single taxable person is effected through one of those persons, who is the taxable person for all of the transactions performed by those persons; or in such a way that:

b)    treatment as a single taxable person must of necessity – and thus, in addition, under sufferance of substantial tax losses – lead to a VAT group separate from the persons closely bound to one another, which constitutes a fictitious entity to be set up specifically for VAT purposes?

If the correct answer to the first question is (a): does it follow from the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning non-business purposes within the meaning of Article 6(2) of Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC of 17 May 1977 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to turnover taxes (judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union of 12 February 2009 in VNLTO – C-515/07, EU:C:2009:88) that, in the case of a taxable person who

a)    on the one hand, pursues an economic activity and, in so doing, provides services for consideration within the meaning of Article 2(1) of Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC of 17 May 1977 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to turnover taxes, and

b)    on the other hand, pursues at the same time an activity which is incumbent upon him in the exercise of public authority (an activity he carries on in an official capacity) and in respect of which he is not considered to be a taxable person, in accordance with Article 4(5) of Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC of 17 May 1977 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to turnover taxes,

a service falling within the sphere of his economic activity which he provides free of charge for a purpose falling within the sphere of the activity he carries on in an official capacity is not subject to tax, in accordance with Article 6(2)(b) of Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC of 17 May 1977 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to turnover taxes?


AG Opinion


Decision


Personal comments/VATupdate 


Source


Similar ECJ cases

C-515/07


How did countries implement the case?  Your feedback appreciated!  Let us know


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Source: bundesfinanzhof.de

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