VATupdate

VAT Rates in the EU + CH + GB + NO

We try to keep all VAT rates updated, and you can find a specific overview per country. But here’s a quick reference card, showing the main VAT rates in the 27 EU countries, Switzerland, United Kingdom and Norway.


COUNTRY   STANDARD RATE REDUCED RATE SUPER-REDUCED RATE
AUSTRIA LINK 20 19 / 13 / 10 5 / 0
BELGIUM LINK 21 12 / 6 0
BULGARIA LINK 20 9 0
BULGARIA LINK 25 13 / 5 0
CROATIA LINK 25 13 / 5 0
CYPRUS LINK 19 9 / 5 0
CZECH REPUBLIC LINK 21 15 / 10 0
DENMARK LINK 25 0 0
ESTONIA LINK 20 9 0
FINLAND LINK 24 14 / 10 0
FRANCE LINK 20 10 / 5.5 2.1
GERMANY LINK 19* 7* 0
GREECE LINK 24 13 / 6 0
HUNGARY LINK 27 18 / 5 0
IRELAND LINK 23** 13.5 / 9 0
ITALY LINK 22 10 / 5 4
LATVIA LINK 21 12 / 5 0
LITHUANIA LINK 21 9 / 5 0
LUXEMBOURG LINK 17 14 / 8 3
MALTA LINK 18 7 / 5 0
NETHERLANDS LINK 21 9 0
POLAND LINK 23 8 / 5 0
PORTUGAL LINK 23 13 / 6 0
ROMANIA LINK 19 9 / 5 0
SLOVAKIA LINK 20 10 0
SLOVENIA LINK 22 9.5 / 5 0
SPAIN LINK 21 10 4
SWEDEN LINK 25 12 / 6 0
SWITZERLAND LINK 7.7 3.7 / 2.5 0
UNITED KINGDOM LINK 20 12.5 / 5 0
NORWAY LINK 25 12 / 6 0
Production date: June 2021

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STANDARD RATE
The standard rate applies to most goods and services in EU member states.
REDUCED RATE
The reduced rate applies to certain goods and services. These vary (sometimes significantly) from Member State to Member State.
SUPER-REDUCED RATE
In some Member States a super-reduced rate applies to specific goods and services.
ZERO-RATE
Some countries do not apply the super-reduced rate and choose to apply a zero-rate instead.

COVID-19 RATES
In some EU countries, VAT rates are / were (temporarily) reduced.

  • Germany: From 01.07.2020 to 31.12.2020 Standard rate: 16% Reduced rate: 5%
  • Ireland: From 01.09.2020 to 28.02.2021 Standard rate: 21% (normal 23%)

Production date: June 2021

While we have been careful in preparing this overview and used up-to-date information at the time of publication, the data changes from time to time and contains many variables. This resource contains general information only and is not a substitute for professional advice or service.

VATupdate.com is not responsible for decisions based on this guide. Always consult a qualified professional.

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